Germany is a country in West-central Europe. The border in the north are North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic; to the south by Austria and Switzerland; and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
Germany has many big and interesting cities with in the north the most important are Berlin and Hamburg, Colonia and Frankfurt in the centre. Munchen and Stuttgart in the south. Berlin has a vibe all of its own, and wherever you go, you can experience life on the boulevards, in the art galleries and at the flea markets, and in the clubs and bars and restaurants - many of which are open around the clock. The Brandenburg Gate has a magical appeal for all visitors to Berlin, from heads of state to tourists. When the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, thousands of East and West Germans celebrated the opening of the borders and reunification of Germany in its shadow. Cologne Cathedral is one of the finest church buildings in the Christian world and a masterpiece of Gothic architecture. King Ludwig II's world-famous castles stand proudly against the spectacular backdrop of the Alps. Neuschwanstein, his fairytale castle, is the most-visited building in Germany.
The country is a traveler's paradise with its romantic forests, picturesque hill and mountain landscapes, and tranquilly embedded seas. From hikes along tidal shores to trips through the low mountain regions all the way to mountain-top tours, everything is possible. The Zugspitze is the highest mountain in Germany. It is located at the Austrian border in the town of Grainau of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria. The peak is regularly crowded with tourists. Various hiking and ski trails can be followed to the top, it takes between one and two days. In winter the Zugspitze is a popular skiing destination, with several slopes on both sides. The Black Forest (German Schwarzwald) is a wooded mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. The highest peak is the Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 meters (4,898 feet). Wintersport areas offer challenging alpine skiing and refreshing cross-country trail, snowboarding, ice skating, snow-hiking.
There are over 90 nature reserves throughout Germany. Flora and fauna are wonderfully diverse and often unique. Numerous trails lead through the most beautiful natural landscapes Along many of these routes are hotels and inns that provide specialized accommodations for hikers. Germany's nature reserves and national parks are with rich cultural traditions. Some are the only surviving example of their kind in the world.