Beijing is a metropolis in northern China and also a capital of the People’s Republic of China which is also known as Peking in English. Beijing is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. Beijing is also China’s second largest city.
Few of the main attractions of Beijing are listed below–
1. Forbidden City – It was the Chinese imperial palace from the mid-Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty which is located in the middle of Beijing. Forbidden City served for five centuries as the home of the Emperor and his household, the ceremonial and political centre of Chinese government.
2. Tiananmen Square – Traditional Chinese large plaza near the center of Beijing. It has great cultural significance as a symbol because of the several key events in Chinese history. Tiananmen Square covers 40.5 hectares and it is the largest open-urban square in the world.
3. Summer Palace – Yi he yuan is the Chinese name of the Summer Palace which is dominated by Longevity Hill and the Kunming Lake. It covers the area of 2.9 square kilometers and 3 quarters of water. In December 1988 Summer Palace was added in the UNSECO World Heritage Site.
4. Geological Museum of China - Built in 1916 this geological museum has 200 thousands specimens. It is famous for time-honored history, large number of ancient records, high percent of curiosities, delicate display and rich achievements in scientific research.
5. Temple of Heaven - is a complex of Taoist buildings. This complex was visited by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties for the annual ceremonies of prayer to Heaven for good harvest. Build from 1406 to 1420, Temple of Heaven is listed as the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
6. Great Wall of China – is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China which was built and rebuilt and maintained between the 6th BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire during the rule of the successive dynasties. Great Wall of China is also listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site.
7. Beijing Botanical Garden – It covers 564,000 square meters. It cultivates 6,000 species of plants, 1620 varieties of tropical and subtropical plants, 500 species of flowers and 1900 kinds of fruit trees, water plants and traditional Chinese plants and a UNESCO’s World Heritage site
8. Ming Dynasty Tombs – UNESCO’s World Heritage Site Ming Dynasty Tombs is located 50 km North of Beijing. The site was chosen by the 3rd Ming Dynasty Emperor Yongle.