The world of the Swiss Alps is a world of wild beauty. Mountain peaks to more than 4,000 meters. Waterfalls thunder into valleys. The vivid colors of mountain flowers and sun-blackened chalets are a welcome image for each visitor. Forests, hills, rivers, fertile soil and grazing cows, in contrast with vibrant cities: this is the heart of Switzerland.
Switzerland is a relatively small country. The more mountainous southern half of the country is less populated than this average. The more populous northern part of the country is called the Middle Land, between the Alps and the crescent of the Jura mountains. The northern part has a greater density. Large urban centers of Zurich, Bern and Basel with their rich cultural offerings and modern industry.
The middle land has great hilly landscapes usually with grazing herds, or vegetables and fruits growing. There are large lakes found here. The delights of the Alpine lakes is overwhelming, with their clear water in the sunlight, and lots of lovely beaches, sailboats leave a trail in their wake on the water. At the border are quietly chalets and inns with shady gardens.
The Swiss Alps are a high mountain range running across the central-south of the country. Together with the Swiss plateau or "middleland" and the Jura mountains along the northwestern border with France they form the land of Switzerland.
Among the high peaks of the Swiss Alps, the highest of which is the Dufourspitze at 4634 metres. From these the headwaters of several major European rivers such as the Rhine, Rhône, Inn, Aare, and Ticino flow finally into the largest Swiss lakes such as Lake Geneva, Lake Zürich, Lake Neuchâtel, and Lake Constance. Fantastic routes like the Glacier-Express from St. Moritz to Zermatt, and the William Tell-Express from Lucerne to Lugano/Locarno can be found in the Alps. The most famous mountain of Switzerland is the Matterhorn (4478m) in Valais and Pennine Alps. The highest mountain is the Dufourspitze (4634m) of Monte Rosa. The section of the Bernese Alps above the deep glacial Lauterbrunnen Valley containing more than 70 waterfalls is also well known for the Jungfrau (4158m), In the southeast the long Engadin Valley, encompassing the St Moritz area in canton Graubünden, is also well known; the highest peak in the neighbouring Bernina Alps is Piz Bernina.
South of the Alps awaits more Italian way of life with outdoor cafes on lively plazas, laughter, conversation, happiness. Clean beaches with palm trees.