What is trekking?

Trekking is making a journey on foot, especially to hike through mountainous areas often for multiple days and along lovely mountains villages and enjoying nature and/or close contact with people in remote mountain villages where lifestyle sometimes is unchanged since many generations. 

Types of treks

Trekking World distinguises two types of treks: "lodge/teahouse" treks and "camping treks", both forms can be done either on individual basis or fully organized by a trekking agency. 

Teahouse/Lodge trekking

Trekkers are independent upon many teahouses or lodges and locally available inns along the trails. Trekking in this way minimizes the costs and is less affected by diverse weather conditions. In more developed countries these accommodation can also be (modern) hotels or guest houses.

Camping trekking

Trekkers are fully dependant upon themselves and/or their locally hired staff and there is quite a large outfit since not only the trekkers’ personal gear needs to be carried but also the group equipment and food. Trekkers will sleep in tents and their staff (if any) will prepare meals as per in the menu provided in advance.

Trek grading system

Trekkers without previous experience are offered a diverse range of easy treks. The easy trek involves no difficult climbing or ascents to high altitudes and is usually less than a week suitable for everyone. However, it is not loss of height means loss of interest while lower altitude treks often provide colourful horizons of a whole series of mountain ranges. The easy treks are considered of full access of teahouses and low altitude.

Medium treks are more challenging than easy and are suitable for any trekker looking for something a bit more energetic. In general they are longer than roughly 10 days walking up and down climb to higher altitudes. At this altitude, you will be rewarded with close-up views of bigger mountains. The medium treks are considered of full access of teahouses and higher altitudes.

Trekkers with some previous mountain walking experience should only undertake medium-hard treks. These treks ascend to high altitudes (up to 5000m) and involve some steep climbing, although it is never necessary to use ropes.

Hard treks are suitable only for real adventure seekers. Some steep ascents to high altitudes with the possibility of rope climbing are involved in this category. Trekkers will need stamina to complete one of these wilderness treks as they might lasts for 20-28 days.  

Trekking equipment checklist

Equipment checklist (some things depending on temperatures and the phase of development of the trekking area):


A pair of hiking/trekking boots
A pair of slippers
Several pairs of woolen socks and cotton socks
One light long underwear bottom
One medium long underwear bottom
A pair of climbing and pile pants
Two medium poly pro shirts
One light woolen/fleece sweater
One pile jacket
One down vest
One down sweater/jacket
A pair of light wind Gore-Tex jacket and pant
A pair of woolen hat and Sun hat
A pair of glacier glasses
A pair of Gore-Tex glove shells with liner or ski gloves
A pair of woolen gloves
A Swiss Army knife
A trekking pack of 3000 cubic inches capacity
Sun screen lotion SPF 10 to 30 and sun screen stick SPF 10 to 30
Books, mp3 player (opt)
An one-liter water bottle
A pair of trekking poles (opt)
One torch with enough sets of batteries
Two large and strong waterproof duffel bags with lock (17x13x32 inch)
toilet paper (opt) 

Check for all your trekking equipment.

Toiletry items:
Towel, biodegradable soaps, pre-moistened novelettes, wash cloth, sunscreen, lip balm, and any additional personal items such as toothbrush, comb, etc.

Personal first aid kit box:
Be advised to check with your doctor. Suggestions: aspirin or ibuprofen, Pepto Bismol, Band aids/bandages, moleskin, scissors, tweezers, tropical antiseptic, anti-acid tablets, laxative, water purification tablets.

Other necessary items:
Photo equipment with plenty of film/disk and spare batteries, reading/writing materials, postcards of hometown and/or photos of home and family to share with local people, safety pins, sewing kit, zip lock bags for small items, large plastic bags to line duffel and protect any down items.


List of some popular and/or very interesting treks around the world

Annapurna Circuit Trek, Nepal
Everest Base Camp trekking, Nepal
Torres del Paine Circuit Trek, Chile
Jomsom - Muktinath Trek, Nepal
Annapurna Base Camp Trek, Nepal
Tilicho Lake trekking, Nepal

Aconcagua Base Camp  / 
Plaza Francia and Plaza de Mulas, Argentina

Annapurna Panorama Trek, Nepal
Gokyo Lakes, Nepal
GR20 trek Corsica, France
Bariloche Trek - Mountain huts (Refugio) Traverse, Argentina
Kilimanjaro (trekking / climbing), Tanzania



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