Nepal is a Himalaya Republic (since May 28, 2008) which lies between Tibet (The People's Republic of China) to the north and India to the south. The elevation of the country range from 6o meters above sea level to the highest point on earth: Mount Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 km with climatic conditions ranging from subtropical to arctic. This wild variety of ecosystem, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers and forested hills. Nepal is a potpourri of ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 70 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth.
Nepal occupies only 0.1 percent of the earth surface, but is home to:
1) 2 percent of all flowering plants in the world;
2) 8 percent of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species);
3) 4 percent of mammals on earth;
4) 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species);
5) 600 indigenous plant families;
6) 319 species of exotic orchids.
Major tourist attractions of Nepal:
Trekking: Trekking is one of the best way to explore and experience Nepal's unbeatable combination of natural beauty and cultural riches. If you are reasonably fit, have a spirit of adventure and are not afraid of walking in the mountains, you qualify for it. The entire length and breadth of the kingdom is a paradise for trekkers. There are easy and strenuous treks lasting from a few days to several weeks. All of them have great scenery. Some of the best know trekking regions are:
1) Everest Region (fe Everest Base Camp or Gokyo trek)
2) Annapurna Region (fe Annapurna Circuit, Annapurna Base Camp or Jomsom trek)
3) Langtang and Helambu Region (fe Helambu circuit trek)
Mountaineering: It is another prime attraction of Nepal. Mountaineering can range from climbing the highest peak of the world to climbing lower peaks.
Mountain flight: For those who can not withstand the rigorousness of mountain climbing there are mountain flights which fly around Mt. Everest. Mountain flight offer passengers a spectacular view of the Himalayan peaks. The one hour mountain flight takes with in camera range of some of the highest peaks in the world.
Booking a trekking adventure in advance It should not be a problem to book your trek directly through a Nepali travel agency while still being in your homeland. There are plenty of reliable agencies and the good ones at least need to be registrered with the TAAN (Trekking Agents Association of Nepal) organization and deposit a significant amount of money into a government warranty fund. If you are hesitant just ask for copies of these documents, check this link for some examples.